My brother asked me to repair his boot loader, after he accidentally erased his MBR. This can be done easily via LiveCD and the command line.
Boot the system using a LiveCD (I’ve used Ubuntu from USB stick) and do the following:
$ sudo mount /dev/sda /mnt $ sudo mount --bind /usr/sbin /mnt/usr/sbin $ sudo mount --bind /usr/lib /mnt/usr/lib $ sudo mount --bind /dev/ /mnt/dev $ sudo chroot /mnt # grub-install /dev/sda
I hope it will be useful for others as well, as the Ubuntu community documentations offers a solution based on Boot-Repair, which seems an overkill for me.