My boot process was pretty slow in a new setup I had. It would stop for about 30 seconds and then give the following error:
Gave up waiting for suspend/resume device
Turns out I had a resumable device listed in /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume even though my swap is both encrypted with random keys and too small. Editing that file and setting RESUME=none and running sudo update-initramfs -u fixed the issue.
Zoom has a native Linux client which supports screen sharing in Wayland, at least on some platforms. Today when I tried to start a Share Screen I encountered the following error:
Can not start share, we only support Wayland on GNOME with Ubuntu 17 and above, Fedora 25 and above, Debian 9 and above, CentOS 8 and above, OpenSUSE Leap 15 and above, Oracle Linux 8 and above, Arch Linux, AnterGos, Manjaro. If your OS is not on the list, please use x11 instead.
The feature works for me when I’m using Debian Stable (Buster), and also worked for the short while I’ve used Debian Testing (Bullseye). So, I guessed that the feature is broken due to wrong OS version detection. The fix is easy: Remove /etc/os-release (which is by default a symlink to /usr/lib/os-release) and append to the original contents the following lines:
When I first encountered the error, I guessed Zoom doesn’t actually attempt the Share Screen, but relies on a pre-configured list of supported distros and (minimal) versions. It worked for me with Debian Stable (10) and Testing (11), but what version number is Unstable? Debian Unstable doesn’t have a version number associated with it, so it must be the problem.
A quick strace revealed how Zoom retrieves the current distro name and version:
As you can see Zoom reads (and probably later parses) the entire /etc/os-release file. This file contains identification data for the current running distro including name and version. Because Debian Sid doesn’t have the version variables set, Zoom erroneously misinterpret it as an old version instead of the newest. Thus, it refuses to enable the Share Screen feature. Adding the relevant version variables solves this issue.
By default, PulseAudio allows an application to change the max volume output to be louder than the one set by the user. I find it annoying that some apps tend to set volume to 100% which ends up increasing the system volume to unreasonable levels. You can prevent it by setting flat-volumes to no in ~/.config/pulse/daemon.conf.
Recently I noticed xdg-open started failing opening links in Firefox. Giving me the following error:
Firefox is already running, but is not responding. To open a new window, you must first close the
existing Firefox process, or restart your system.
It happened while I had Firefox running and responding to everything else. I’m running the latest stable Firefox (74 as I’m writing this) on Wayland. Wayland brings a lot of good things, but also a lot of interoperability problems, so I suspected it had something to do with it. Thanks to Martin Stransky I found out that the solution is to set the MOZ_DBUS_REMOTE environment variable prior to launching Firefox. If you are using a desktop file to launch Firefox, you can set the variable in the Exec line like this:
This post outlines how I backported rtl8812au-dkms from Ubuntu Focal for Debian Buster and added support for the TP-Link Archer T4U v2 card to it. If you are only interested in the resulting .deb file skip to the end.
The TP-Link Archer T4U v2 is an AC1300 WiFi USB adapter. TP-Link provides drivers but they are built only for old kernel versions (<=3.19) and do not supoort DKMS, which makes upgrading a hassle.
Ubuntu provides the rtl8812au-dkms package which support the chipset in the Archer T4Uv2, but it doesn’t recognize the TP-Link product. So I set out to backport it to Debian Buster and make it support the Archer T4Uv2.
We start by fetching the rtl8812au source package from Ubuntu.
$ dget --allow-unauthenticated http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/r/rtl8812au/rtl8812au_220.127.116.1175.20140902+dfsg-0ubuntu12.dsc
$ cd rtl8812au-18.104.22.16875.20140902+dfsg/
$ sed -i s/dh-modaliases// debian/control
$ sed -i s/,modaliases// debian/rules
$ mk-build-deps ./debian/control --install --root-cmd sudo --remove
The sed lines remove reference to the dh-modaliases build dependency which Debian doesn’t have. I’m not really sure why they needed it for this package, but removing it didn’t hurt.
Next we add a new patch using quilt to support the Archer T4Uv2. We extract the 2357:010d USB vid:pid pair of the adapter using lsusb.
$ quilt push -a
$ quilt new add_archer_t4uv2.patch
$ quilt add os_dep/linux/usb_intf.c
$ vim os_dep/linux/usb_intf.c
The change we’ll be making to os_dep/linux/usb_intf.c is outlined by the following patch:
Lensfun provides lens distoration correction for Darktable and other raw processing applications. Version 0.3.95 provides ability to use the
Adobe Camera Model, and hence use Adobe lens profiles (lcp files). However, lensfun 0.3.95 is not packaged for Debian Buster. Also Darktable won’t compile against the latest git version of Lensfun, so you must compile and install specifically version 0.3.95 to get ACM support.
We begin by downloading and extracting Lensfun 0.3.95. Lensfun 0.3.95 is not tagged in git, so we have to download the release directly from SourceForge. The release is not available from the GitHub repository.
$ wget https://sourceforge.net/projects/lensfun/files/0.3.95/lensfun-0.3.95.tar.gz
$ tar -xvf lensfun-0.3.95.tar.gz
$ cd lensfun-0.3.95/
Lensfun uses CMake for building and has also has CPack enabled. We can use it to build a deb package and install it. This allows easier integration and uninstallation in the future.
$ mkdir build
$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=release -DCPACK_BINARY_DEB=ON ../
$ make -j`nproc` && make package
$ sudo apt install ./liblensfun2_0.3.95.0_amd64.deb
Installing Firefox via Snap is an easy way to get the latest Firefox version on your favorite distro, regardless of the version the distro ships with. However, due to Snap’s security model, Yubikeys, or any other FIDO tokens do not work out of the box. To enable U2F devices, like Yubikeys, you need to give the Firefox package the necessary permissions manually: